‘Mississippi Burning’ Christian race-hate group KKK, killer Edgar Ray Killen dies

Edgar Ray Killen, seen in a yellow prison-issue jumpsuit, in 2005
Killen was sent to prison in 2005 for his role in the triple murder

BBC

“Edgar Ray Killen, the 1960s [Christian-based race- hate group] Ku Klux Klan leader who was convicted over the infamous deaths of three civil rights workers in Mississippi, has died.

The 92-year-old was serving a 60-year sentence, after being jailed in 2005, four decades after the 1964 murders.

The men’s disappearance and deaths shocked the country and helped catalyse the passage of the Civil Rights Act.

The triple killing was also the basis for the 1988 Oscar-winning film Mississippi Burning.

The movie is a fictionalised take on the events named after the FBI investigation into the case.

James Chaney, Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner, all in their 20s, were members of the Congress of Racial Equality (Core) and had been working on the 1964 Freedom Summer campaign to register black voters in the southern state.

The men were detained by police before being ambushed and shot by Klansmen who were tipped off about their release.

A poster held outside of 2005 trial shows the original missing poster for the men and dedications and quotes for them
Two of the men had travelled to Mississippi from New York for the project

The trio went missing after being arrested by local police on a traffic charge while in Neshoba County, Mississippi. They had been visiting the scene of a fire-bombing and beating at a local church that was going to be used as a Freedom School to educate and help register local African-Americans.

Edgar Ray Killen in June 1964
Enter a Killen pictured in June 1964

After being released from prison in the night, the men were again stopped and then ambushed by KKK members.

After the case garnered national attention, the FBI was dispatched to the state to investigate by then Attorney General Robert Kennedy.

The three men’s bodies were eventually uncovered six weeks after their disappearance, after an informant tipped off the FBI that they had been buried on local farmland.

The FBI arrested more than a dozen suspects, including the county’s Deputy Sheriff, because of their alleged involvement in the killings.

Burned out wreckage of the men, in black and white image released by the FBI
The men’s vehicle was found burnt out in a swampy area following their disappearance
 

A black and white FBI photograph of the dam where the bodies were unconvered
Their bodies were later recovered in an earthen dam, following a tip-off

A Mississippi judge attempted to dismiss the charges against most of the defendants, but the Supreme Court later reversed the decision.

After federal intervention, 18 men went on trial in 1967 on civil rights violation charges. Only seven were convicted by an all-white jury, and none served more than seven years in prison.

Killen, a former Baptist preacher, was accused of orchestrating the killings, but his trial ended in a hung jury after a juror said she could not convict a preacher.

The state did not pursue the case for four decades, but eventually Killen was brought to face a new trial in 2005.

Fannie Lee Chaney wipes her eyes while testifying at trial in 2005
Families of the victims, including the mother of James Chaney, testified in 2005

Prosecutors said as a “kleagle” or KKK organiser, he had assembled the murderous mob and instructed them how to dispose of the bodies, but was not at the murder scene itself.

He was convicted of three charges of manslaughter for recruitment and orchestration.

Even after his imprisonment, Killen was said to maintain segregationist views about racial inequality.

The Mississippi Department of Corrections said he had known health conditions, and no foul play was suspected in the 92-year-old’s death.”

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